Browse oral history

Interview with Yatsevitch, Colonel Gratian*

Educational background; beginnings of career at CIA; CIA’s objectives and operations in Iran in the 1950s; recollections of Allen Dulles; U.S. strategic interest in Iran in the 1950s; impressions of the Shah, and memories of their meetings; on the Shah’s goals and objectives; CIA’s views on the Shah; relations between the U.S. and Iran during the Eisenhower administration; recollections of the early years of SAVAK and General Teymur Bakhtiyar; recollections of Ambassadors Chapin, Wailes and Holmes, and their relations with the Shah; on social and economic change in Iran; debates between CIA analysts over political stability in Iran; U.S. contacts with and assessments of the opposition to the Shah in the 1950s and 1960s; on General Qarane’i’s alleged coup plans; extent of the loyalty of the armed forces to the Shah in the 1950s and 1960s; relations between the National Front and the Kennedy administration; on U.S. and the premiership of Ali Amini; working of oil consortiums in Iran; on the riots at Tehran University in 1961; recollections of Amir Asadollah Alam and Hasan Arsanjani; on the White Revolution of 1963; Johnson’s trip to Iran; Iran-Soviet relations; Israel’s relations with Iran; extent of cooperations between CIA and SAVAK; on U.S. listening posts in Iran; on events of 1963-64; economic development and corruption.

Part 1

Part 2

Part 3

Part 4

Part 5

Part 6


Colonel-Gratian-Yatsevitch-APt-I Colonel-Gratian-Yatsevitch-BPt-II Colonel-Gratian-Yatsevitch-CPt-III


171pp. + summary + biographical note + index

About the interviewee