Development Books: Titles in the Series


Umrân-e khuzistân (Khuzistan’s Development).

Interview with Abdorreza Ansari, Hassan Shahmirzadi, Ahmad Ahmadi. 1994.

Khuzistan’s development, as reflected in the politics and processes associated with planning, developing, and setting in motion the Khuzistan Water and Power Authority (KWPA) under its first managing director Abdorreza Ansari. The interviews were conducted in Bethesda, Maryland, at the Foundation for Iranian Studies' headquarters. The Khuzistan project launched the series on Iran's economic and social development, 1941-1978.

Barnâme-ye enerzhi-ye atomi-ye iran: talâsh-hâ va tanish-hâ (Iran's Atomic Energy Program: Mission, Structure, Politics).

Interview with Akbar Etemad, the first president of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (1974-1978). 1997.

This interview for the atomic energy program in Iran was conducted in London during several sessions at the end of the summer of 1995. It revolves around three underlying themes: organization and management of nuclear energy in Iran, constraints of working within the non-proliferation regime, and the wisdom of opting for nuclear energy in an otherwise energy resource-rich country like Iran. These general topics constitute the rubric within which the myriad questions and answers in the text of the interview achieve their particular intellectual and political flavor. Excerpts in Persian.


Tahavvul-e san`at-e naft-e iran: negâhi az darün (The Evolution of Iran's Oil Industry: An Insider's Assessment).

Interview with Parviz Mina with a foreword by Farrokh Najmabadi. 1998.

This volume is based on a series of interviews with Parviz Mina, an internationally renowned oil specialist and consultant, in Paris in 1996. Mina joined the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company shortly before it was nationalized. Later, he received his Ph.D. in chemical engineering from Birmingham University and rejoined NIOC in 1957. He was intimately involved in the development of NIOC's relations with OPEC, international oil companies, and other powers that controlled the oil trade on the global scene. He headed the Iranian team that negotiated the repeal of the Consortium Agreement in 1973. He was director of NIOC's international section and member of board of directors from 1974 to 1979.

Barnâmeh rizi-ye umrâni va tasmim giri-ye siyâsi (Ideology, Process and Politics in Iran's Development Planning).

Interviews with Manuchehr Gudarzi, Khodadad Farmanfarmaian, and Abdol-Majid Majidi. 1999.

The 4th volume in the series focuses on the evolution of Iran's development planning from the Middle of the 2nd Plan, when Abol-Hassan Ebtehaj returned to Iran after the fall of Mossadiq in 1953 to become director of the Plan Organization, to the end of the 5th plan just before the Islamic Revolution of 1978/79. As other books in this series, this is concerned more with the issue at hand rather than the narrators' personal histories. Nevertheless, cross-recollections of actual interactions by different personalities dealing with the same problem within a shared political context, as is the case in this volume, imbue the subject with a dynamic quality that transcends the reality imparted in any individual narrative. It is therefore important to read each interview in relation to the others. This volume was produced in cooperation with three members of Iran's pre- Islamic Revolution planning elite: Manuchehr Gudarzi, Khodadad Farmanfarmaian, and Abdol-Majid Majidi. The participants began their work in the then Plan Organization (later Plan and Budget Organization) in the mid-1950s after Abol-Hassan Ebtehaj was appointed director. Gudarzi's field of specialization is management, Farmanfarmaian's economics, and Majidi's law and economics. Farmanfarmaian and Majidi were later appointed directors and served during the 4th and 5th plans respectively. Gudarzi was instrumental early in the development of the organization and method under Ebtehaj. Later, he was put in charge of urban development and social affairs, an important executive function of the Plan Organization at the time, before becoming deputy director of the Plan Organization and later secretary general of the State Organization for Administration and Employment.

San`at-e gâz-e iran: az âghâz tâ âstâne-ye enqelâb (The Evolution of Iran’s Gas Industry: Organization, Policy, Assessment).

Interview with Mohsen Shirazi with a foreword by Farrokh Najmabadi. 1999.

This volume focuses on the development of gas industry in Iran. It discusses in detail the steps that led to the establishment of the National Iranian Gas Industry. The volume analyses the political, economic, and technological issues involved in the Soviet- Iranian Agreement on the development of the First Pipeline to export gas to USSR and the agreement between Iran, the Soviet Union and a consortium of European countries to export gas to Europe. The evolution of Iran's Gas Industry is based on an interview with Mohsen Shirazi, an internationally recognized expert who was a participant in all aspects and stages of the evolution of gas policy and management in Iran.

San`at-e petroshimi-e iran: az âghâz tâ âstâne-ye enqelâb (The Evolution of Iran’s Petrochemical Industry).

Interview with Baqer Mostowfi, the First Managing Director of the National Iranian Petrochemical Company, 1964-1978. 2001.

The evolution of petrochemical industry is the 6th volume published in this series. This book is based on several interview sessions conducted in London in 1998 and 1999. By the time Mostowfi was appointed managing director of the Petrochemical Company he had amassed enormous experience in other fields of the oil industry, including geological mapping, field survey, extraction, logistical support, and international negotiation. The interview therefore touches on several other activities that also bear on the reasons for his appointment to lead Iran’s petrochemical industry.

Siyâsat va siyâsatguzâri-ye eqtesâdi dar iran, 1340-1350 (Ideology, Politics, and Process in Iran’s Economic Development, 1960-1970).

Interview with Alinaghi Alikhani, Iran’s minister of economy, 1963-1969. 2001.

The 1960s were in many ways the golden years of Iran’s economic and social development, and for most of the decade Alikhani was at the helm of the ministry of economy responsible for Iran’s economic policy. During his stewardship of the ministry significant changes were introduced in the ideology, organization, and politics of Iran’s economy. The initiatives taken during this period, particularly in rationalizing the relationship between the government and the private sector, paved the way for the country’s extraordinary economic development in the 1960s and 1970s. This book tells the story of the individuals who took the initiatives, the political and economic choices they made, and the domestic and international challenges they faced.

Jâme`e, dowlat, va jonbesh-e zanân-e iran, 1320-1357. (Women, State, and Society in Iran, 1941-1978).

Interview with Mehrangiz Dowlatshahi, woman activist, Majlis deputy, and founder of “Jam`iyat-e râh-e no,” New Path Society, a women’s organization to promote women’s human rights. 2002.

Dowlatshahi’s life and work in Iran from the 1940s to 1970s coincides with significant developments in the position of women in Iranian society. Her interview brings to light women’s political and social activities and the role they played in preparing the shah, government, and society for women’s enfranchisement and a series of measures culminating in the First Family Protection Law that significantly increased women’s individual, family, and political rights. A second volume on this subject, based on an interview with Mahnaz Afkhami, will focus on the development of Women’s Organization of Iran and the changes that occurred in the 1970s in the position of Iranian women both in Iran and in relation to the international community.

Jâme`e, dowlat, va jonbesh-e zanân-e iran, 1342-1357. (Women, State, and Society in Iran, 1963-1978).

Interview with Mahnaz Afkhami, secretary general of Women’s Organization of Iran (WOI), 1970-1978, and Iran’s minister of women’s affairs, 1975-1978. 2003.

Iranian women gained significant rights and became considerably more active and effective socially, politically, and economically between 1963 and 1978. Mahnaz Afkhami was secretary general of the Women’s Organization of Iran (WOI), 1970-1978, and Iran’s minister of women’s affairs, 1975-1978. In this book she discusses how women propelled the progress they made in Iran’s patriarchal society, how the government’s worldview, politics, and policies affected their progress, and how relevant to their cause was their presence on the international scene and the use they made of international organizations, treaties, conventions, and declarations. Afkhami’s discourse focuses on the cultural, social, and political challenges Iranian women have had to face, and to overcome, before and after the Islamic revolution.


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