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Ardalan, Admiral Abol-Fath

Oral History Interview

Interviewer
Fereshteh Nura'i and Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr
Place
Washington, D.C. and Bethesda, Maryland
Date
September 4, 1982 and August 27, 1991
Condition
Open
Language
Persian
Content
36pp. + summary + biographical note + index + photograph
Interviewee Details
Naval Officer; Deputy Commander of the Imperial Iranian Navy, 1968-1972; Director of the National Electronic Industries of Iran, 1972-1979.
Abstract
Family background; on Ardalan family and father Amanollah's career during Reza Shah's reign; joining the Imperial Iranian Navy (IIN); on the education of naval cadets; structure and personnel of the navy; history of the Iranian navy; Iranian navy during and after WWII; reasons for the rapid promotion of young officers in IIN; modernization of the IIN; on the purge of the top command in the 1970s; impact of the charges against Admiral Abbas Ramzi Ata'i on the navy; on the IIN fleet; strategic thinking in IIN; on the occupation of Abu Musa and Tunb islands; on the Dhofar war; relations between the Shah and the Iranian armed forces; on the causes of the Revolution; on why the navy did not disintegrate after the Revolution, and the role of Admirals Alavi and Madani in preserving the unity of the navy; assignment to establish an organization to promote electronic industries; background, structure and working of the Iran Electronic Industries; Electronic Industries as consultant to other government organizations; Shah's views on the role of science in changing Iranian society; on Ali-Qoli Ardalan's tenure at the Ministry of Court prior to the Revolution; on the Shah's aversion to violence, and refusal to accept the advice of the military to quell the revolutionary uprisings; on Admiral Ahmad Madani's political views; on the role of the IIN in the politics of the Persian Gulf.

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