Oral History Interview
Sepehr Zabih and Hormoz Hekmat
January, 1983; and September 2, 1986
47pp. + summary + biographical note + index
Statesman; Diplomat; Majles Deputy, 1947-1949; Minister of Finance, 1953, 1955; Ambassador to U.S.A., 1958-1959; Prime Minister, 1961-1962.
Joining Mosaddeq's cabinet; Mosaddeq's views on monarchy and his feelings for the Shah; Mosaddeq's personal traits; relations between Ahmad Qavam and Mohammad Mosaddeq; oil and Iranian politics; on the events of 1953; on General Fazlollah Zahedi; negotiations over the oil consortium agreement; relations between the Shah and General Zahedi; Shah's personal traits; events leading to his premiership; personal relations with the Shah; on President John F. Kennedy's support for his premiership; an assessment of the intelligence-gathering capabilities of the state; Shah's views on military budget and arms procurement policies; on the origins of the land reform program of 1963 and its consequences; U.S.'s position on the land reform issue; on Hasan Arsanjani; on the events of 1963-64; on the Shah's decision-making in the months leading to the Revolution; politics of choosing a prime minister in the months preceding the Revolution; role of the military in the revolutionary ordeal; on the Shah's illness; crises created by the Shah's close associates; President Jimmy Carter's position on Iran's revolutionary situation; Shah's aversion to the use of force in situations of crisis; on Hoveyda's premiership; on OPEC, the Arabs, the Iranian armed forces, and the future of Iran.